Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m (39ft) by m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable . PDF | Gnetum africanum is a forest liana that grows abundantly in Central Africa, South America, and tropical and subtropical Asia. Its leaves. J Med Food. Nov;14(11) doi: /jmf Epub Aug Gnetum africanum: a wild food plant from the African forest with many.

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The composition of Gnetum africanum leaves is probably comparable to Gnetum africanum. Eru or Gnetum africanum is an evergreen, perennial, shade-tolerant vine with woody stems of up to 12 m afticanum more that twine from a tuberous rootstock. It has also been noted that the vine does not grow particularly well in very moist conditions such as marshes and swamps. The gnetun forms two distinct types of stem. Methods of vegetative propagation using leafy stem cuttings have recently been developed.

Gnetum africanum Eru, African Jointfir PFAF Plant Database

Healthy leaves with a thick wax-like texture are preferred in markets and will receive the highest value; Gnetum africanum remains untaxed in local markets. However, the field trials might show that Gnetum buchholzianum is more gnetjm to cultivate than Gnetum africanum because the former probably requires more shade than the latter.

They are usually cooked with meat or fish and occasionally consumed as a salad. The plant continues to grow during the dry season and new shoots may develop where the stem has been cut or where side shoots have been removed[ ]. Seed is normally found only in the tree canopy.


Gnetum africanum depletion is largely associated with tree felling and overexploitative forestry practices. Eru is hardly cultivated at all at present, but there is massive exploitation of the remaining natural stands, which have almost disappeared gmetum Nigeria and are becoming scarce in Cameroon, Gabon and the Central African Republic.

Gnetum africanum

Occasionally, trees have to be cut to reach leafy stems in the canopy. Gnetum africanum is a good source of protein and is strong in essential afrlcanum non-essential amino acids.

Reporting Science in Africa. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Retrieved 26 January The supple stem is sometimes used as rope. Sustainable cultivation practices, such as harvesting the leaves regularly rather than bnetum the whole vine, allows for a more viable supplementary income throughout the year.

Experimental plantings for domestication are being made with both species.

Shredded leaves can be dried and preserved for later use[ ]. The current method of harvesting, especially for export trade, is to pull the stems or branches from trees. Dried shredded leaves are exported, mainly from Nigeria to the United States and to a lesser extent from other countries to France and the United Kingdom.

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After controlled harvesting, new shoots may develop where a stem has been cut or where side shoots have been removed.


The male catkins have thick internodes widening towards the terminal part. Wikispecies has information related to Gnetum africanum.

All plant pages have their own unique code. Seed is normally found only in the tree canopy[ ]. The vine grows in two ways: It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade. The Centre for International Forestry Research CIFOR has been working with women to create sustainable cultivation practices of Gnetum africanumas well as forest restoration techniques.

Fruit pulp, mature seeds, and tubers are edible as well. See Terms of Use for details. This page was last edited on 30 Octoberat Its male catkins have slender internodes of equal width from the base to the tip. It is assumed that seeds need pretreatment, such as passing through the intestines of a bird, fruit bat, squirrel or other animal, before they germinate.

For a list of references used gnetjm this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Plant Resources of Tropical Africa Introduction. Please view the copyright link for more information. New shoots are also formed from rhizomes that spread along the forest floor[ ].

Eru can be found in rainforest from sea-level up to m altitude, and prefers an annual rainfall of about mm.