Abstract Barleria prionitis Linn. (Family: Acanthaceae) is a well-known perennial, Ayurvedic herb distributed in the tropical Asia, Africa and Yemen. The whole. B. prionitis is a fast growing perennial plant widely commercialized as an ornamental to be planted in open sunny areas in gardens, yards, and. Erect armed shrubs, spines ca. cm long. Leaves to x cm, elliptic, acute, mucronate, base cuneate, sparsely puberulus, ciliate on the margins, gland.

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The greatest representation of this genus occurs in Africa and Asia, with its greatest centre of diversity in tropical East Africa Balkwill and Balkwill, Isolation of antimicrobial compound by endophytic bacteria from Vinca rosea. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured.

Once established, plants may add up to 0.

Barleria prionitis subsp. delagoensis

However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed. Acanthaceae is a family of flowering plants comprising about genera and about species widespread in both New and Old World Tropics Scotland and Vollesen, ; Stevens, Diuretic activity of Barleria prionitis Linn Flower extract.

In vivo study showed that the flower extract dose dependently provided a prilnitis increase in the analgesio-meter-induced force and exhibited significant resistance against pain in mice Jaiswal et al. II, Barleria prionitis L.

Barleria prionitis – Useful Tropical Plants

Prionitis is Greek and means ‘like the holly’ or ‘saw-edged’, and the subspecies delagoensis was named after Delagoa Bay, the name for the Maputo area in southern Mozambique during the colonial days.


It is somewhat bilipped and lobes are oval-oblong, rounded and entire.

The genus Barleria is readily distinguished from other genera in the Acanthaceae by a combination of three priomitis Yellow Hedge Barleria. Checklists specific search options Observed during. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. The whole plant or its specific parts leaf, stem, root, bark and flower has been utilized for treatment of toothache, catarrhal affections, whooping cough, inflammations, glandular swellings, urinary infection, jaundice, fever, gastrointestinal disorders and as diuretic and tonic.

Found in scrub jungles and wayside thickets from plains to m. Priohitis of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Or, Login with your user account:. Environmental Impact Top of page B. In folk medicine it is known as piyaabaasaa, jhinti and katsaraiyaa Khare, Search in all groups Search within this group. Three to five pale-coloured spines mm long are produced in the forks i.

Barleria prionitis subsp. delagoensis | Plantz Africa

Screening of In-vitro antibacterial assay of Barleria prionitis Linn. A dictionary of Botany. Scotland RW; Vollesen K, Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. They may also be dispersed by water and in dumped garden waste. In future study, the conversion of these pharmacological activities in to the modern drugs, proper scientific evaluation includes isolation of responsible phytochemicals, their mechanism of actions, toxicity and proper standardization need to be explored.

There are no pictures available for this datasheet If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact: Anti-inflammatory activity of aqueous extract fractions of Barleria prionitis L.

Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Take cuttings of mm length, treat them with a hormone powder and plant them in a mixture of baleria parts good soil and river sand. Oral administration of flower extract mg kg -1 body weight showed significant dose-dependent reduction in carrageenin induced swelling and cotton pellet granuloma weight that were equivalent to When several references are baarleria, they may give conflicting information on the status.


Online Portal of India Biodiversity. In Australia, it was declared a noxious environmental weed in Weeds of Australia, Glutathione S-transferase, acetylcholinesterase inhibitory and antibacterial activities of chemical constituents of Barleria prionitis. It was observed that the root extract decreased the production of round spermatids, sperm motilityspermatogonia, preleptotene spermatocytes population and mature leydig cells. It is prionitus for various medicinal purposes in ayurvedic medicine.

These seeds may be spread short distances when barlerua capsules explosively open to release their seeds. Two anthraquinones derivatives has been also identified in this plant and their structures were characterized as 1,8, dihydroxy-2,7-dimethyl 3, 6-dimethoxy anthraquinone and 1,3,6,8-tetra methoxy-2,7-dimethyl anthraquinone Ganga Raju et al.

Encyclopedia of Life EOL. Meyer JY; Lavergne C, Promising Prionitks Barlerias of Ornamental Potential. If you are living in a subtropical area and looking for a fast growing, indigenous plant to solve your problem of planting open sunny areas in your garden, Barleria prionitis subsp.

The acetone, methanol and ethanol extracts of B. Leaves are chewed to relieve from toothache. The whole plant is also used in stiffness of limbs, enlargement of scrotum and sciatica.