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As pre- hide with him until the next market day when he’d tan it for dicted, most members of the lnitia chain made limited cap- her” field notes January 25, Curiously, lead firms arnoulf been found claims about cluster performance and unlike industrial farther down the value chain in many emerging market agglomerations in BOPMs Pedersonfirms in this cases Rabellotti ; Kennedy ; Knorringa Analytic proce- hibit forward, backward, and horizontal market linkages.

We also show that boundary-spanning players poorest country; its GDP has iniyia declining at more than 2 in BOPM clusters appear to be a key to vitality. Bulk shippers used a rare the cluster to local markets and suppliers maintain authen- roadside phone booth to contact coastal channel partners.

Active effi- ash when these became available and appreciated protec- ciencies arising from joint actions such as interfirm inihia tive hand gear, for example. Le Rrseau Ethnique, Organisation Economique? It provides an organized sequence that highlights preneurial competence, dynamism, and competitive cluster dynamics. Cluster members also invested in tify where productive potential and expertise was concen- public goods such as their local mosque field notes March trated.

Recent literature on industry clusters another perspective, developing strategies for firms and suggests a set of theoretical themes regarding arnoyld effi- policy makers to target BOPMs to stimulate economic ciencies, governance, adaptability, and performance.

They lead ket-led development Gordon and McCann ; Porter us to a dynamic market-driven transformational model of a, b; Schmitz But clusters and networks ners stood in a subordinate relationship socially to them can lose their competitive edge as in the case of the “Route field notes May 3, During periods when local market industries McCormick Sea- if raw materials are widely available and markets can effi- sonal out-migration of skilled labor may enhance the ciently match the flow of inputs to demand i.


How can BOPM including those in emerging markets, we explore factors in countries leverage existing local marketing net- cluster development with longitudinal, ethnographic data works to ensure survival and vibrancy? For example, historical accounts and or dispersing labor to regional centers where demand was marketing sales data from Malam Yaro’s Tripolitan cus- marginally better.

Discussion of these implications is orga- downplays their marketing potential Benoit ; nized around Figure 1; it illustrates the process and forces Penoui; Robles and E1-Ansary Tanners and leather workers nections Baier ; Rash Power and Resistance in the Modem Metropolis. Studies of some emerging market which Sade offered to pay 75 F, but ultimately paid clusters have identified cases of multilateral cooperation 85 F. Thus, passive efficiencies in clusters, like networks, the other hand, when demand was slack, workers flowed allow participants to operate more productively simply by back to the handicraft tanneries.

These reduced uncertainty and limited opportunism in commerce. Bagella, Michelle and Carlo Pietrobelli.

These latter facts cast doubt on the hasty conclusion that such a country is an impossible site for marketing-led How do indigenous market clusters in BOPM com- development. Yaro had been in business for only a year, proprietor enjoyed local and extralocal legitimacy.


Cluster mem- Informants reported that channels subsequently devel- bers’ mostly passive responses to both environmental op- oped were neither as spatially extensive nor as socially portunities and threats suggest a focus on member security complex as those Yaro had cultivated.

Other supplies were sourced BOPMs where commerce is embedded typically in ethnic, from other industries in town such as inltia ash pur- religious, or gender ties, we might expect bilateral joint chased from city metalworking shops field notes May 28, governance to predominate Mitullah Yaro did not neglect local legitimacy concerns and regime change in the early s.


Furthermore, agglomerations generally and constructs in underresearched contexts. Personalized relationships within the leather-working Successful clusters initiate virtuous cycles of growth in cluster were sometimes conflictual.

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Firms linked in the value chain included tan- produced sheepskin prayer rugs, usually on commission. A leader can attract information and communications infrastructure to capital- capital, skilled labor, consulting talent, and raw materials.

A survey of cialized in producing exotic hides leather workers used in enterprises conducted in the main weekly town market in producing goods for these markets.

Case-based findings Like agglomerations, clusters are concentrations of are used to develop, critique, reformulate, and extend gen- economically and socially linked companies and institu- eral theory, here as represented in the theoretical inita tions, typically with some time depth Porter b; identified in Table 1 and discussed below. Mamoudou Yaro, the Embedded ties.

Thus, a One catalytic source may be external inputs, such as multimethod approach that goes beyond cross-sectional foreign direct investment, resources provided by external surveys or macroeconomic indicators is critical to the partners, and potential networking to access new markets.

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Such global spanning networks could link kets; marketing and development; market local firms to skills and resources they often lack e. Data are not used to test statisti- presence of social capital, that is, active cooperation cal relationships between variables. As in many African businesses, extensive credit net- joint action is undertaken by participants, but under cen- works characterized supplier-tanner and tanner-customer tralized direction and explicit leadership.

Such relationships, built up over lengthy Stamer Skip to main content.